How to choose different types of threads for sewing is a common question asked by both beginners and experienced sewers alike. Choosing the tailoring thread among different types of threads for sewing can have a positive impact on the overall quality and durability of a piece of clothing or textile.

Selection of strong sewing thread among different types of threads will not only hold the fabric together but also enhance the look and feel of the garment. Let us have a look at the factors that are important in choosing the right thread for sewing because this is the very first step in sewing.

How to choose the thread for sewing

Select the matching color

Unroll the thread end from the spool and lay it over your cloth to choose the proper color. Matching thread color with fabric color can have a positive impact on the overall look and feel of a piece of clothing or textile. When the thread color mergers flawlessly with the fabric color, it creates a clean and polished look.

This is especially important in areas where the thread is noticeable. The use of matching thread can also enhance the color and texture of the fabric, making it appear more vibrant and luxurious. Overall, matching thread color with fabric color is a small but important detail that can greatly improve the overall aesthetic of a garment or textile. You can decide the prevailing color if your fabric is printed with several distinct colors or is multi colored. Depending on the style you want, contrasting a thread among different types of thread might be appropriate for topstitching and edge stitching.

threads of different colors

Depending on fabric type and weight

Choosing the correct thread from different types of threads depending on fabric type is an important aspect of sewing, as it can greatly affect the overall quality and durability of a garment or textile. According to the fabric’s kind and thickness, the appropriate sewing needle and thread should be used. When selecting the thread and needle suited for the fabric you wish to sew see what type of thread and needle you need. Different types of fabric require different threads.

Different weight or thickness of thread are available. The stitches will be easier to see if the thread is thicker or broader. For stronger results when stitching thicker textiles, use thicker threads.

Extra-fine thread is advantageous for lighter objects, while upholstered, topstitching, or extra-stronger thread may be needed for heavy duty work. It’s critical to take into attention the properties of the fabric and the thread to guarantee a perfect match and a great final product.

Different types of threads

Different types of threads

Cotton thread

  • It is important to note that you have to choose the right sewing thread when you are quilting and working on a natural cotton fabric i.e. cotton thread.
  • Cotton retains dyes readily, and the rich mixture process enhances this ability; as a result, the thread is colorfast, resistant to exposure of light, and suitable for both machine and hand sewing.
  • Natural cotton fabric and quilting are frequently sewn with cotton thread.
  • The cotton thread is resilient and lumber and is matte in color.
  • For working with lighter to moderate cotton, linen, and rayon, use a cotton thread with a medium thickness.
  • Most frequently utilized in quilting, patchwork, creative stitching, embroidery, and heritage sewing.
  • Cotton thread is also known as textile thread.

Silk thread

  • Very fragile fabric can be sewn with a very fine silk thread without the seams being compromised.
  • Additionally, due to its thinness, it merges seamlessly with the fabric and the stitches are barely noticeable so it is necessary to select the right thread.
  • This thread is a definite must for sewing fragile silk.
  • Genuine silk sewing thread is considerably softer and lighter than regular polyester sewing thread and is finer.
  • This makes it the ideal complement for delicate, light garments that you don’t want to make you feel heavy.
  • Use it to sew delicate fabrics or for finishing tasks like French stitches and hidden hems.
  • Unlike polyester, silk thread can be dyed, making it ideal for sewing projects that will later be painted or colored.
  • Both hand and machine stitching can be done with silk thread.

Polyester sewing thread

  • The most popular and adaptable type of thread is polyester which can also be used as hand sewing thread.
  • Polyester is tough and strong sewing thread than cotton for the same thicknesses, is glossy and slightly elastic, and available in a wide range of colors and thicknesses.
  • Polyester thread is produced in a unique way to have a bright, smooth surface that makes it suitable for aesthetic applications.
  • It also has a high resistance to UV light and chemicals, which means it won’t fade or deteriorate quickly.

Different types of thread along with Thread size chart

TypesLight weight fabricMedium weight fabricHeavy weight fabric
Cotton thread50-8050-6030-50
Silk thread50-8050-6030-50
Polyester thread60-9060-9030 or 60

Basic tips for thread selection

The more the thread is heavier the lower the number is. The thread becomes finer as the numbers rise. Don’t ever use thread that is 20 or lighter. It can result in machine failure.

Read more: What are notches in sewing?


Selection of right thread among different types of threads for sewing can greatly improve the overall quality, durability, and aesthetics of a garment or textile. It is important to consider the type of fabric, thread weight, color, and machine compatibility before making a final decision.

How to choose Thread for a Sewing Project 


Good quality thread should have strength (to withstand stress), smoothness (free from knots and tangles) and consistency (in thickness and color to get desired result).

The threads that last the longest are typically made from high-quality, durable materials such as polyester. This type of threads are known for their strength and ability to resist breaking or fraying, even with frequent use. By choosing thread made from high-quality materials and treated for durability, you can ensure that your sewing projects will last for a long time.

Strongest thread for sewing is typically a high-quality polyester thread. Polyester is known for its strength, durability, and resistance to fading and stretching. It is often used in applications that require a strong and reliable thread, such as outdoor gear, sails, and upholstery. Additionally, polyester thread is often treated with special coatings to make it even stronger and more resistant to wear and tear. By choosing a high-quality polyester thread, you can ensure that your sewing projects will be strong and durable for years to come.

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